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Type II Diabetes


DEFINITION

Diabetes is a result of a malfunction in the pancreas of the body resulting in a lack of proper insulin production. Type 2 is a chronic disease which results in high levels of glucose in the blood. This subset of diabetes directly affects the way the body metabolizes sugar which in turn affects insulin absorption or rejection. All patients present high levels of bad cholesterol (LDL), low levels of good cholesterol (HDL), and significant A1C (amount of sugar attached to proteins in the blood) markers.  Typically adults are diagnosed due to the accumulation of poor nutrition in the body.


DISEASE MECHANISM

The pancreas either does not make any more insulin, the pancreas makes very little insulin, or the body does not respond to the inulin the way that it should.  This as well as some predisposed conditions and other environmental factors such as age and genetics.  Some biological factors include:   low HDL (good cholesterol), high triglycerides( main composers of body fat), high LDL ( bad cholesterol) , High A1C levels ( amount of sugar attached to proteins in the blood) , and low levels of Vitamin D. High levels of LDL( bad cholesterol) are a result of plaque build up throughout the artery walls. The build up is caused by the increase in fat intake through foods high in trans fat and triglycerides. Due to the increases in LDL ( bad cholesterol) levels the patient’s intake of HDL ( good cholesterol) is reduced. The more LDL rich foods a person eats their overall diet is restricted resulting in a lowering of HDL rich foods in the diet. And as the arteries clog due to the plaque build up, it is more difficult to transport the HDL ( good cholesterol) through the vessels in the body. Vitamin D deficiency can contribute to the development in Type 2 diabetes. A deficiency in vitamin D can result in the inhibition of insulin secretion from the pancreas, therefore the body cannot properly regulate its insulin levels leading to the diagnosis of diabetes. Also, a deficiency in Vitamin D has been linked to many metabolic issues such as obesity, increase in lipid levels, and high blood pressure which are all symptoms of type 2 diabetes patients.


NUTRACEUTICAL CURING MECHANISM

In order to cure Type 2 diabetes the patient must lower their A1C, raise their vitamin D levels, lower their LDL levels, and raise their HDL levels.  All of these requirements can be fulfilled through a proper diet and proper exercise. Through proper diet and exercise the patient may lose weight and this weight loss will reduce the LDL levels in the body allowing for proper blood flow which can prevent more issues such as heart attacks because the vessels will no longer be clogged. 


The best foods to eat in order to maintain a proper balance in the body includes healthy carbohydrate foods, Omega3- fatty acids, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated foods. Pre-diabetics and type 2 diabetics should avoid food high in saturated fats and trans fat, processed meats, beef, excess sugar (in drinks or otherwise), high fat dairy goods, salty and fried foods. It is also best to reduce bad habits such as smoking because smoking has been linked to increasing the level of blood sugar therefore by stopping the patient can bring back to balance their blood sugar levels. 


Beside weight loss, a person should be more active in their day- to day- lives allowing for muscle build up which can slow down the process of muscle degeneration common in patients with type 2 diabetes.  


If a patient's blood sugar cannot be regulated through proper diet and exercise due to underlying circumstances insulin therapies are used to balance out the sugar levels. The insulin therapies, however, require constant monitoring. A patient must check their insulin levels before each meal in order to provide the proper insulin compensation.  Medications such as Metformin (lowers glucose production in liver), Sulfonylureas ( help body secrete insulin), Meglitinides ( fast insulin stimulator, short duration), Thiazolidinediones ( increase body sensitivity to insulin), DPP-4 inhibitors ( reduce blood sugar levels), GLP-1 Receptor Agonists ( slow digestion and lower blood sugar levels), SGLT2 Inhibitors ( prevent sugar reabsorption into blood by kidneys), and insulin. Other than medication techniques such as acupuncture have been used to help in treating diabetes due to its ability to relieve the painful nerve damage that is common in diabetes patients. Biofeedback  and guided imagery are other techniques used in the treatment of diabetes because it helps your body become more aware of and learn to deal with the body’s response to pain. This technique is used because it emphasizes relaxation and stress- reduction. 


There are also natural dietary supplements that can be taken to aid in the maintenance and balance of glucose in the body. Such supplements include chromium, ginseng, magnesium, vanadium, coenzyme Q10, Brewer’s yeast, buckwheat, broccoli (and other related greens), cinnamon, cloves, coffee, okra, leafy greens, fenugreek seeds, and sage.


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